sons of brewer chooses to engage in a regiment of infantry at
17 years. Recalled by his/her father who would like it like successor,
Oudinot is allocated to the village and Marie. It is the Revolution
which recalls it in the rows of the army. This former soldier
is quickly elected lieutenant-colonel of the volunteers of the
In 1793, it is illustrated by pushing back a Prussian attack
of the castle of Bitche. The following year, thanks to a new
feat of arms, it is brigadier general. It is useful then in the
Army of the Rhine-and-Moselle. With the battle of Neckerau, it
is wounded, the first of a long series of wounds, and made captive,
to be exchanged a few months later. Oudinot is useful then under
Moreau and passes in 1799 in the army of Helvétie. Masséna,
of which he is the head of staff for the catch of Zurich and
Constancy, names it major general.
When the Consulate comes, Oudinot continues its career at Masséna,
at the time of the head office of Genoa. It is distinguished
at the time of the passage of Mincio in December 1800.
1805, here with the head of 10 000 pomegranates. After a series
of victories and a significant participation in the battle of
Austerlitz, its crack corps is called «the Oudinot pomegranates».
Success does not leave it, in particular in Ostrolenka in February
1807, Friedland in June, which is worth the title of count to
him. In 1808, governor of Erfurt, it organizes the interview
between Napoleon and Alexandre ßt. The Emperor presents
it to the tsar like «Bayard of the French Army».
In 1809, Oudinot continues its glorious course, with a node with
Wagram where it brings the victory by a clear-sighted intervention.
It receives the stick of marshal later a few days, then the ducal
In 1810, it is given the responsability to occupy Holland, that
Louis Bonaparte has just given up. He is a then governor of Berlin
before starting the campaign of Russia. There still, it is admirable,
in particular at the time of the passage of Bérézina.
In 1813, it is battle of Bautzen. Two months later, it is beaten
by Bernadotte with Gross-Beeren. It is caught up with in Wachau,
where it beats prince de Wurtenberg. It is then the campaign
4, 1814, Oudinot is those which require of the Emperor to abdicate.
It joins then in Louis XVIII, who entrusts the command of the
old imperial Guard to him. Oudinot is one of the rare marshals
not to be joined in Napoleon at the time of the Hundred Days.
In reward, Louis XVIII names it controlling royal Guard then
national Guard of Paris. In 1823, Oudinot directs the ßt
body of the forwarding of Spain. In 1830, initially withdrawn
in its grounds, it is named large-chancellor of the Legion of
Honor in 1839 and governor of the Invalids in 1842.
Of the eleven children of Oudinot, four are garçons.Tous
will be soldiers.